“A Hindu is a Hindu,” the apex court said as it heard a Public Interest Litigation or PIL, filed by the Indian Young Lawyers’ Association (IYLA), seeking entry of women in the Sabarimala temple.
Hearing the petition that seeks the entry of women into Kerala’s famous Sabarimala temple, the Supreme Court today said there is no denomination in Hindu religion of a Hindu male or female.
On Monday, the Supreme Court had said it would decide on the right of women to enter the historic Sabarimala shrine on the basis of constitutional principles and not by the prevalent customary practices, saying that “gender justice was endangered” in India.
“We will now only be guided by the rationale under the Constitution. The gravity of this petition is that gender justice is endangered,” a three-judge bench headed by Justice Dipak Misra had said.
“Can you deny a woman her right to climb the Mount Everest? The reasons banning anything must be common for all and on the bedrock of the Constitution,” the bench, also comprising justices V Gopala Gowda and Kurian Joseph, said.
Last week, the Bombay High Court had ruled that women must be allowed access to the famous Shani Shinganpur temple in Maharashtra’s Ahmednagar district, where temple officials had cited a 400-year-old tradition to insist that only men could enter the inner sanctum of the shrine.
Women’s groups and activists decried the comment, describing the statement as patriarchal and against the dignity of women.
“Society is not going to tolerate this. Women will struggle against such mindset,” Jagmati Sangwan, general secretary of All India Democratic Women’s Association (AIDWA). Last week, Maharashtra High Court struck down a 400-year-old ban on the entry of women into Shani Shingnapur temple on the ground that women cannot be discriminated on basis of their gender.
Indian temples that deny or restrict women’s entry undermine the fight for gender equality and have no constitutional right to do so, the Supreme Court said, in the latest boost for women demanding equal access to places of worship.
India’s highest court told the board which manages the popular Sabarimala Ayyappa Hindu temple in the southern state of Kerala to explain why it bans women.
“What right does the temple have to forbid women from entering any part of the temple? Can you deny a woman her right to climb Mount Everest? The reasons for banning anything must be common for all,” Justice Dipak Misra, head of a three-judge bench, said on Monday.
“Gender discrimination in such a matter is unacceptable,” he said, adding that the temple’s arguments must be based on the nation’s constitution. The struggle for equal access to places of worship in India has triggered a wider debate on women’s rights in the country, with the hashtag #RightoPray trending on Twitter.
The Sabarimala temple is one of a few in India which bars entry to females aged between 10 and 50 years old, saying that menstruating women are impure. Discrimination against menstruating women is common in some parts of South Asia, where they are forbidden from entering houses or temples and taking part in festivals and community events.
“Banning on the basis of age is not practised in the Hindu religion,” Ravi Prakash Gupta, of the Indian Young Lawyers’ Association which launched the petition against Sabarimala temple, told the Thomson Reuters Foundation. The lawyers’ association said it had received death threats over the petition.
The Supreme Court comments came days after the Shani Shignapur temple in western Maharashtra state opened its inner sanctum to women following a Mumbai court ruling that it was the fundamental right of women to enter any place of worship that allows men access, and that the state should protect this right.
The Mahalaxmi temple, also in Maharashtra state, followed suit on Monday and allowed women entry. In a separate case, two Muslim women are demanding access to a landmark mosque in Mumbai. Sabarimala temple authorities have said the ban on women is rooted in a centuries-old tradition and is essential to the rites related to the temple’s chief deity, Ayyappan. “You can’t look at the issue from the angle of worshippers alone. It has to be seen from the point of the God being worshipped, a celibate,” senior counsel K.K. Venugopal told the court. The next hearing is on April 13. – Resources Various.